Verbs show action or state of being. Verbs have three qualities, similar to nouns.
Person - tells us the specific relationship between the audience and the listeners
These must be memorized along with the corresponding personal pronoun.
An infinitive in English is a verb form with the word to, to eat, to sleep, to run, etc.
In Latin, there is no word that corresponds to the English word to. Instead, we use an ending, -re.
e.g. portare = to carry, amare = to love
To conjugate a verb, you have to follow three simple steps.
1. Find the infinitive (This is easy because it ends in -re).
2. Remove the -re (now you have the present stem).
3. Add the endings (the personal endings) to the present stem. If we try to conjugate the verb portare, it should look like this:
There is only one small problem with what we have done. When an -a- and and -o meet, the -a- falls out. This is a linguistic problem, but I can explain it if you ask. *So, the first person singular, portao, should actually be porto.
Nota Bene (Note Well) When you are translating, you should look at the end of the word for the subject. Then look to the front for the action of the verb. Then put them together to form a complete verb in English. For more help, see Lesson III in your text book (p.21-25)